XNV - The Exponential Ventures

Women in Tech world

Vittoria Ardore
Jr. HR Analyst

Women was always really importante for the history of computing, and it can be affirmed with some examples like Ada Lovelace (creator of the first algorithm in history); Margaret Hamilton (developed the softwares that took the man to the moon); Karen Spärck Jones (laid the groudworks for search engines); Donna Dubinsky (lauched the predecessors of smartphones). They, like many others that was not recognized, made important milestones in technology. They were never highlighted because even if they wanted to participate of scientific productions and knew a lot about it, it was a male area and their request to participate was always denied.

In 1970 there was the oil crisis that affected the Brasilian economy, what made businessmen hire women as an alternative to spend less money, since their salary was lower. This event, known as the begining of postmodernism, started with the culture that women have a lower salary compared to men’s. And this culture exists until today, even if women try more, they still recieve less. This happens because of the sexist and patriarcal society that devalues women.

In order for women to conquer their space in the tech area, several cultural barriers must be broken down, such as the fact that scientists are lonely and antisocial. This turns women away since they are considered talkative and naive. Another importante point that should leave people’s minds is that motherhood removes women of the labour market and make them more unproductive, while fatherhood does not have these problems as it is considerate, by many, woman’s work to raise their children and take all the responsibilities.

The biggest difficulty women face when entering in the tech world is cultural. The professions related to I.T. are predominantly male. Those wemen can’t see themselves in this market because of:

  • Most of their leaders are men, so there is no one who they can take as na exemple;
  • Face more difficulties in the hiring process and have to show themselves more competente than a man to get a job;
  • Be asked about children, with who they can stay during the day and if she want to have some;
  • Difficulty with being heard in a company;
  • Lower salary than a man who do the exactly same job.

Sulamita Garcia (2004) said that people believe that women don not understand technology and can not understand it, and many people think they don’t like computer and think it’s too difficult. This and many other barriers and consequences of the society that raise girls focusing on being housewives and mothers only, including games. While male childhood games are focused on encouraging independence, problem solving, etc. In other words, the low demand of women for a technological job can be linked with the encouragement of children and teenagers to look for a hobby and interests, which are still divided by gender.

In the last few decades the number of women entering on the technological market increased, but they are still a great minority in all world. A study made by Univates about the presence of women in tech couses and graduations, is notable a small increase, but constant, happily.

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